Questions about Cremation
Yes. The funeral home cannot require you to buy one of their urns, nor can they charge you extra for using an urn that they didn’t provide.
In 2016, the number of people in the United States who chose cremation surpassed burial for the first time. The percentage in 2012 was estimated at 43.5%. The number is expected to increase to more than 54% by 2020.
The problem of unclaimed cremated remains continues to increase along with the rise in cremation rates across the country. When cremated remains are not picked up by the family, the funeral home usually keeps them in storage, sometimes indefinitely. At least one state (Massachusetts) has passed laws that allow the funeral home to scatter or bury cremated remains that go unclaimed for more than a year.
Yes. Your funeral home director can contact the curator or owner of the cemetery to obtain all the information needed for burial. If you wish, he can also make all the arrangements for you.
Yes. The cremation process destroys any bacteria or microscopic organisms that were present in the body.
Yes. But because each country has its own rules and regulations, transporting cremated remains can become very complicated both from a logistical and a legal aspect. Contact the Embassy for each country you will be transporting the cremated remains to or from. Their Embassy is your best source to find out what are the specific rules, legal requirements, and any other authorizations that may be required. When shipping cremated remains internationally, it is adviseable that you work with a funeral home, cremation provider, or a company that specializes in the shipment of human remains.
Most airlines will allow you to transport cremated remains, either as air cargo, or as carry-on or checked luggage (traveling with you). You should check with the airline to determine their exact policies on either shipping or handling as luggage, and make sure the contents are identified as cremated remains. You will also need to review the Transportation Security Administration requirements.
You should also consult a licensed funeral director at both the point of departure and the destination to find out if there are any local laws that need to be observed as well. Arrive early in order to pass through security clearance, and carry the death certificate, certificate of cremation, and any other relevant documents with you.
More families are choosing direct cremation, where there is no funeral service involved. In some
situations, the crematory ships the ashes straight back to the family unless arrangements are made to pick them up.
In case of a death away from home, the next of kin might decide to have their loved one’s body
cremated and the ashes shipped, due to the higher expense of having to embalm and transport a body back home.
- A family may elect to distribute the cremated remains of a loved one between other family members at other locations within the United States or another country
- A person may want to send the cremated remains of a pet or a loved one to an artisan or craftperson who will incorporate the ashes into jewelry or other works of art.
Yes. However, currently the only way you can legally ship cremated remains is through the United States Postal Service via Priority Mail Express. There are specific requirements for preparing, packaging, and shipping human or animal cremated remains. The United States Post Office has provided guidelines in their document “How to Package and Ship Cremated Remains”.
The median cost of a funeral plus burial today is $8,343. In contrast, a cremation with basic services (no funeral) will run about $3,190, while a cremation with a funeral costs around $4,715.
There are a number of reasons that cremation is increasingly becoming the first choice for final arrangements. While it is true that cremation is significantly less expensive than a traditional burial, other factors also influence the decision process. These factors include:
- A growing acceptance of cremation, both from a secular and a religious standpoint
- A population that is increasingly on the move, with less ties to tradition
- A growing attitude toward cremation as a more environmentally responsible choice
- Greater flexibility in memorialization options
The average cost to inter an urn in a cremation burial space or columbarium is $995.
In general, when referring only to the cremation process itself, with no additional services or funeral arrangements, you may expect the following average costs. Direct cremation (in which the body is cremated and the ashes returned to the family, with no funeral or other services added) is the most simple, and least expensive option.
Depending on the region in which you live, a direct cremation can run as low as $495 in certain areas (Florida and Nevada, for example). However, in most parts of the United States, the average cost runs somewhere between $700 to $1000. A direct cremation, as defined here, should not cost more than $1500 at the most, regardless of the location.
The best way to find out the average cost of a direct cremation in your area is to contact local
funeral homes and crematories, and ask them for a quote for a direct cremation with no additional services. That way you can compare “apples to apples”. Ask questions to make sure that the price you are quoted is not part of a package, which can significantly increase your cost.
When looking at cremation costs, the first thing you must realize is that there is no set answer to this question. Cremation costs can and do vary by location or geographic region. Prices are set by the individual crematory providers or funeral homes, and can vary widely from one provider to another, even within the same local area. Cremation costs also depend on whether other services are included with the cremation, the cost of the casket or container used during cremation, and other factors. According to the Cremation Association of North America, the average cost of a cremation with a simple memorial service is $1650. Generally, a cremation with additional services handled through a funeral home will cost between $2000 to $4000. If the cremation is handled directly through a crematory, the average price will fall somewhere between $1500 to $3000.
According to the World Health Organization, there are no health advantages to cremation over burial, although in some areas of the world cremation may be preferred due to religious or cultural reasons. In the case of a medical epidemic, it is better for the community to leave handling of the bodies to trained medical staff who understand infection control and can make sure that proper practices are in place during transport and disposition of the body.