Cremation can be broadly described as one of several methods used to reduce the dead body of a human or animal down to its basic elements.
The most common method of pet cremation involves incineration at high temperatures. This process uses a combination of high-temperature burning, vaporization, and oxidation, which reduces the body to its basic chemical compounds. During this process, any organic matter (such as tissue and bone) is converted to gases and mineral fragments that resemble dry bone. These fragments are processed to the consistency of a granular powder and are known as “cremated remains” or “ashes”, and are then returned to the owner.